The Flash-X code is a component-based software system for simulation of multiphysics applications formulated largely as a collection of partial- and ordinary- differential equations as well as algebraic equations. The maintained code components are written in a combination of high level languages such as Fortran, C and C++ with an embedded domain-specific macro language implemented in the form of key-value dictionaries. The accompanying configuration tool-chain can translate and assemble different permutations and combinations of the components to configure a diverse set of applications. An accompanying domain-specific runtime system has been developed that can orchestrate data movement between devices (CPU, accelerators, and other specialized devices that might exist) on a compute node of a high performance computing (HPC) platform. This runtime is not included in the distribution, but can be obtained from its own repository. The code uses the Message-Passing Interface (MPI) library communication between nodes, though more than one MPI rank can also be placed on a node. HDF5 is the default mode for IO. Flash-X has three interchangeable discretization grids: a Uniform Grid, a oct-tree based adaptive grid using the Paramesh library, and a block-structured adaptive grid using AMReX library, which also mimics an oct-tree-like layout for use in Flash-X.

The precursor of Flash-X is FLASH, which was developed at the University of Chicago, and is now available from University of Rochester. Flash-X has been architected from the outset to be compatible with increasing heterogeneity of both the platforms and the solvers within the code. Flash-X distribution includes solvers for compressible and incompressible fluids, and several other solvers needed for astrophysics and fluid-structure interaction applications. Not all physics and/or general solvers from FLASH have been migrated to Flash-X, however, the code itself has transitioned to open development and community based governance. The expectation is that the code will grow with community contributions. Additionally, some external solvers can be included as add-ons in configuration of applications because those solvers have been designed to be compatible with Flash-X.